Finally, we thank Jill Gregory for fine work on the illustrations. Abitua, P. Identification of a rudimentary neural crest in a non-vertebrate chordate. Nature , — Aboitiz, F. The evolutionary origin of the mammalian cerebral cortex. Pubmed Abstract Pubmed Full Text. Adamo, N. Evoked responses in the chicken telencephalon to auditory, visual, and tactile stimulation. Ahrens, M. Brain-wide neuronal dynamics during motor adaptation in zebrafish.
Alexander, I. Edges, colour, and awareness in blindsight. Allman, J. Evolving Brains. Andres, K. Cutaneous and subcutaneous sensory receptors of the hagfish Myxine glutinosa with special respect to the trigeminal system. Cell Tiss. CrossRef Full Text. Ashley, P. Nociception in fish: stimulus—response properties of receptors on the head of trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Brain Res. Baars, B. A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness. New York, NY: Cambridge. The conscious access hypothesis: origins and recent evidence.
Trends Cogn. Bailey, A. Lens specification is the ground state of all sensory placodes, from which FGF promotes olfactory identity. Cell 11, — Baker, C. Rao and M. The evolution and development of vertebrate lateral line electroreceptors. Barlow, H. Critical limiting factors in the design of the eye and visual cortex.
B , 1— Why have multiple cortical areas? Vision Res. Benton, M. Paleontological evidence to date the tree of life. Bevins, N. Genetic dissection of EphA receptor signaling dynamics during retinotopic mapping. Binder, M. Encyclopedia of Neurosciences , eds M. Binder, N. Hirokawa, and U. Windhorst Berlin: Springer-Verlag , — Block, N. Boly, M. Modes and models in disorders of consciousness science. Bourlat, S. Duterostome phylogeny reveals monophyletic chordates and the new phylum Xenoturbellida. Nature , 85— Bowmaker, J.
Evolution of colour vision in vertebrates. Eye 12, — Braithwaite, V. Do Fish Feel Pain? Oxford: Oxford University Press. Braun, C. The sensory biology of the living jawless fishes: a phylogenetic assessment. Brain Behav. Jorgensen, J. Lomholt, R. Weber, and H. Malte London: Chapman and Hall , — Brogaard, B. Are there unconscious perceptual processes? Conscious Cogn. Bromham, L. Molecular dates of the Cambrian explosion: is the light at the end of the tunnel an oncoming train? Brooks, J. Somatotopic organisation of the human insula to painful heat studied with high resolution functional imaging.
Neuroimage 27, — Burighel, P. Harrison and E. Butler, A. Chordate evolution and the origin of craniates: an old brain in a new head. Evolution of brains, cognition, and consciousness. Brain Res Bull. Evolution of the thalamus: a morphological and functional review. Thalamus Relat. Mammalian and avian neuroanatomy and the question of consciousness in birds.
Comparative Vertebrate Neuroanatomy. Evolution and Adaptation, 2nd Edn. Evolution of the neural basis of consciousness: a bird-mammal comparison. Bioessays 27, — Evolution of the amniote pallium and the origins of the mammalian neocortex. Cartmill, M. Animal consciousness: some philosophical, methodological, and evolutionary problems, Am. Chalmers, D. Facing up to the problem of consciousness. The Character of Consciousness. New York, NY: Oxford. Chandrashekar, J. The receptors and cells for mammalian taste. Chen, A. Macaque parieto-insular vestibular cortex: responses to self-motion and optic flow.
Chen, J. The sudden appearance of diverse animal body plans during the Cambrian explosion. An early Cambrian craniate-like chordate. The first tunicate from the Early Cambrian of South China. Distant ancestor of mankind unearthed: million year-old fish-like fossils reveal early history of vertebrates. Chung-Davidson, Y. Brain pathways and responses to weak electric fields in parasitic sea lampreys Petromyzon marinus. Churchland, P. Functionalism, qualia and intentionality.
Ciaramelli, E. Mental space travel: damage to posterior parietal cortex prevents egocentric navigation and reexperiencing of remote spatial memories. Collin, S. Morphology and spectral absorption characteristics of retinal photoreceptors in the southern hemisphere lamprey Geotria australis. Visual Neurosci. Cornide-Petronio, M. Retinotopy of visual projections to the optic tectum and pretectum in larval sea lamprey. Eye Res.
A Study of Psalm 23, verse 1a
The blindsight saga. Craig, A. How do you feel? Interoception: the sense of the physiological condition of the human body. Interoception: the sense of the physiological condition of the body. Pain mechanisms: labeled lines versus convergence in central processing.
A new view of pain as a homeostatic emotion. Trends Neurosci. How do you feel-now? The anterior insula and human awareness. The sentient self. Brain Struct. Crick, F. New York, NY: Scribner. A framework for consciousness. Damasio, A. Afferent connections of the optic tectum in lampreys: an experimental study. A comparative analysis of neural taste processing in animals. B Biol. Dehaene, S. A neuronal network model linking subjective reports and objective physiological data during conscious perception.
Delsuc, F. Tunicates and not cephalochordates are the closest living relatives of vertebrates. Dennett, D. Marcel and E. Bisiac Oxford: Clarendon Press , 42— Consciousness Explained. Boston, MA: Little Brown. Dicke, U. Donoghue, P. The origin and evolution of the neural crest. Bioessays 30, — Distinguishing heat from light in debate over controversial fossils.
Bioessays 31, — Dudkin, E. Dugas-Ford, J. Cell-type homologies and the origins of the neocortex. Dunlop, R. Mechanoreceptive and nociceptive responses in the central nervous system of goldfish Carassius auratus and trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Pain 6, — Ebbesson, S. Echteler, S. Tonotopic organization in the midbrain of a teleost fish. Edelman, D.
Identifying hallmarks of consciousness in non-mammalian species. Animal consciousness: a synthetic approach. Edelman, G. Biology of consciousness. Erwin, D. The Cambrian conundrum: early divergence and later ecological success in the early history of animals. Science , — Feinberg, T.
New York, NY: W. Norton and Company. The nested neural hierarchy and the self. Neuroontology, neurobiological naturalism, and consciousness: a challenge to scientific reduction and a solution. Life Rev. Fernald, R. Squire Oxford: Academic Press , 85— Fitzgerald, M. The development of nociceptive circuits. Flanagan, O. Consciousness Reconsidered. Cambridge: MIT Press. Block, O. Flanagan, and G. Franklin, S. Evolutionary pressures and a stable world for animals and robots: a commentary on Merker. Friedman, G. Retroviral misexpression of engrailed genes in the chick optic tectum perturbs the topographic targeting of retinal axons.
Fries, P. Synchronization of oscillatory responses in visual cortex correlates with perception in interocular rivalry. Fritzsch, B. Frucht, C. Gene expression gradients along the tonotopic axis of the chicken auditory epithelium. Gale, T. Visual crowding and category specific deficits for pictorial stimuli: a neural network model.
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Neural crest and the origin of the vertebrates: a new head. Geffeney, S. How we feel: ion channel partnerships that detect mechanical inputs and give rise to touch and pain perception. Neuron 74, — George, L. Nociceptive sensory neurons derive from contralaterally migrating, fate-restricted neural crest cells. Patterned assembly and neurogenesis in the chick dorsal root ganglion. Ginsburg, S. Experiencing: a Jamesian approach. The evolution of associative learning: a factor in the Cambrian explosion. Glover, J. Gosse, N. Retinotopic order in the absence of axon competition.
Gottfried, J. Smell: central nervous processing. What can an orbitofrontal cortex-endowed animal do with smells? Central mechanisms of odour object perception. Graham, A. The origin and evolution of the ectodermal placodes. Griffin, D.kamishiro-hajime.info/voice/localisation-telephone/application-android-pour-localiser-un-gsm.php
Shepherd's Rod Volume XVII 2013
Scientific approaches to animal consciousness. Grillner, S. Mechanisms for selection of basic motor programs - roles for the striatum and pallidum. Grocott, T. The peripheral sensory nervous system in the vertebrate head: a gene regulatory perspective. Grusser, O. Localizatian and responses of neurones in the parieto-insular vestibular cortex of awake monkeys Macaca fascicularis.
Guirado, S. Hall, B. Evolutionary origins of the neural crest and neural crest cells. New York, NY: Springer. Incremental evolution of the neural crest, neural crest cells and neural crest-derived skeletal tissues. Hall, M. Eye shape and the nocturnal bottleneck of mammals.
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Hawkins, R. Operant conditioning of gill withdrawal in Aplysia. Heier, P. Fundamental principles in the structure of the brain: a study of the brain of Petromyzon fluviatilis. Acta Anatom. VI, 1— Hodos, W. Evolution of sensory systems in vertebrates. Holland, L. Developmental biology: a chordate with a difference. The amphioxus genome illuminates vertebrate origins and cephalochordate biology. Genome Res. Evolution of neural crest and placodes: amphioxus as a model for the ancestral vertebrate?
Holland, N. Origin and early evolution of the vertebrates: new insights from advances in molecular biology, anatomy, and paleontology. Bioessays 23, — Horwitz, G. HCN channels expressed in the inner ear are necessary for normal balance function. Hou, X. New evidence on the anatomy and phylogeny of the earliest vertebrates. Huesa, G. Hume, J. Sneak male mating tactics between lampreys Petromyzontiformes exhibiting alternative life-history strategies.
Iwahori, N. Neuronal organization of the optic tectum in the river lamprey, Lampetra japonica : a Golgi study. A Golgi study on the olfactory bulb in the lamprey, Lampetra japonica. Jackson, F. Epiphenomenal qualia. Jacobs, G. Evolution of colour vision in mammals. Jacobs, L.
From chemotaxis to the cognitive map: the function of olfaction. Janvier, P. Early Vertebrates. Jarvis, E. Kaas, J. What, if anything, is SI? Organization of first somatosensory area of cortex. Topographic maps are fundamental to sensory processing. Evolutionary Neuroscience. Oxford, UK: Academic Press. Neocortex in early mammals and its subsequent variations. Kalman, M. Kandel, E. The biology of memory: a forty-year perspective. Principles of Neural Science, 5th Edn. Kardong, K. Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution.
Karten, H. The ascending auditory pathway in the pigeon Columba livia , II. Telencephalic projections of the nucleus ovoidalis thalami. The organization of the avian telencephalon and some speculations on the phylogeny of the amniote telencephalon. Neocortical evolution: neuronal circuits arise independently of lamination.
Experimental studies in the pigeon Columba livia and owl Speotyto cunicularia. Kawashima, Y. Mechanotransduction in mouse inner ear hair cells requires transmembrane channel-like genes. Kemp, T. Mammal-like Reptiles and the Origin of Mammals. Kenshalo, D. Response properties and organization of nociceptive neurons in area 1 of monkey primary somatosensory cortex. Kiefer, M. Neuro-cognitive mechanisms of conscious and unconscious visual perception: from a plethora of phenomena to general principles.
Kirk, R. Raw Feeling. Kouider, S. Levels of processing during non-conscious perception: a critical riview of visual masking. Kroger, B. Cephalopod origin and evolution: a congruent picture emerging from fossils, development, and molecules. Bioessays 33, — Lacalli, T. Landmarks and subdomains in the larval brain of Branchiostoma : vertebrate homologs and invertebrate antecedents. Frontal eye circuitry, rostral sensory pathways and brain organization in amphioxus larvae: evidence from 3D reconstructions.
HOW TRUE IS THE SHEPHERD'S ROD...? I'M DOUBTING...LET'S DISCUSS...
Sensory systems in amphioxus: a window on the ancestral chordate condition. Protochordate body plan and the evolutionary role of larvae: old controversies resolved? Basic features of the ancestral chordate brain: a protochordate perspective. The emergence of the chordate body plan: some puzzles and problems. Acta Zool. Looking into eye evolution: amphioxus points the way.
Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. Lamb, T. Evolution of the eye. Evolution of the vertebrate eye: opsins, photoreceptors, retina and eye cup. The origin of the vertebrate eye. Outreach 1, — Leon, M. Olfactory coding in the mammalian olfactory bulb. Levine, J. Materialism and qualia: the explanatory gap. Pacific Philos. Li, W. Right orbitofrontal cortex mediates conscious olfactory perception. Libants, S. The sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus genome reveals the early origin of several chemosensory receptor families in the vertebrate lineage. BMC Evol. Llinas, R. Consciousness and the brain.
The thalamocortical dialogue in health and disease. Bursting of thalamic neurons and states of vigilance. Lopez, C. The thalamocortical vestibular system in animals and humans. Mallatt, J. Ventilation and the origin of jawed vertebrates: a new mouth. Hagfish do not resemble ancestral vertebrates. Fossil sister group of craniates: predicted and found.
Pikaia gracilens Walcott: stem chordate or already specialized in the Cambrian? Ribosomal RNA genes and deuterostome phylogeny revisited: more cyclostomes, elasmobranchs, reptiles, and a brittle star. Mancini, F. Fine-grained maps of nociceptive input in primary somatosensory cortex. Manger, P. Martin, A. Sensory cells in the spinal cord of the sea lamprey. Martin, S. Synaptic plasticity and memory: an evaluation of the hypothesis. Martinez-Garcia, F. Mashour, G. Evolution of consciousness: phylogeny, ontogeny, and emergence from general anesthesia.
Mather, J. Cephalopod consciousness: behavioural evidence. Matthews, G. Trigeminal sensory neurons of the sea lamprey. A , — McCauley, D. Conservation of Pax gene expression in ectodermal placodes of the lamprey. Gene , — Neural crest contributions to the lamprey head. Development , — McGinn, C. The Mysterious Flame.
McHaffie, J. Nociceptive neurons in rat superior colliculus: response properties, topography, and functional implications. McLaughlin, T. Molecular gradients and development of retinotopic maps. Medina, L. Merker, B. The liabilities of mobility: a selection pressure for the transition to consciousness in animal evolution. Consciousness without a cerebral cortex: a challenge for neuroscience and medicine. Target article, commentaries and author's response. Brain Sci. Edelman, T. Fekete, and N. Zach Amsterdam: John Benjamins , 37— Mescher, A.
Junqueira's Basic Histology, 12th Edn. Mesulam, M. Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology. Metzinger, T. Being No One. The Self-model Theory of Subjectivity. Millsopp, S. Trade-offs between feeding and shock avoidance in goldfish Carassius auratus. Min, B. A thalamic reticular networking model of consciousness. Moody, T. Conversations with zombies. Moruzzi, G. Brain stem reticular formation and activation of the EEG.
What is the thalamus in zebrafish? Muhlenbrock-Lenter, S. Murakami, Y. Brain segmentation and trigeminal projections in the lamprey with reference to vertebrate brain evolution. Identification and expression of the larmprey Pax6 gene: evolutionary origin of the segmented brain of vertebrates. Development of the central and peripheral nervous systems in the lamprey. Growth Diff. Naatanen, R. The mismatch negativity MMN in basic research of central auditory processing: a review.
Nagel, T. What is it like to be a bat? The View From Nowhere. Nageswaran, J. A configurable simulation environment for the efficient simulation of large-scale spiking neural networks on graphics processors. Neural Netw. Newman, J. A neural attentional model for access to consciousness: a global workspace perspective. Nieuwenhuys, R. Topological analysis of the brain stem of the lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis. The brain of the lamprey in a comparative perspective.
Nieuwenhuys, H. Nicholson Berlin: Springer , — Niimura, Y. On the origin and evolution of vertebrate olfactory receptor genes: comparative genome analysis among 23 chordate species. Genome Biol. Nordgreen, J. Thermonociception in fish: effects of two different doses of morphine on thermal threshold and post-test behaviour in goldfish Carassius auratus. Northcutt, R. The agnathan ark: the origin of craniate brains. The origin of craniates: neural crest, neurogenic placodes, and homeobox genes.
The new head hypothesis revisited. The genesis of neural crest and epidermal placodes: a reinterpretation of vertebrate origins. The emergence and evolution of mammalian neocortex. Afferent and efferent connections of the lateral and medial pallia of the silver lamprey. Brain, Behav.
Organ, C. Origin of avian genome size and structure in non-avian dinosaurs. Overgaard, M. Blindsight: recent and historical controversies on the blindness of blindsight. WIREs Cogn. Seeing without seeing? Degraded conscious vision in a blindsight patient. Is conscious stimulus identification dependent on knowledge of the perceptual modality? Pallas, S. Finlay, G. Innocenti, and H. Scheich New York: Plenum , — Panagiotaropoulos, T. Neuronal discharges and gamma oscillations explicitly reflect visual consciousness in the lateral prefrontal cortex.
Pani, A. Ancient deuterostome origins of vertebrate brain signalling centres. Parker, A. Parvizi, J. Consciousness and the brainstem. Cognition 79, — Penfield, W. The Mystery of the Mind. Pennisi, E. Peterson, K. The Ediacaran emergence of bilaterians: congruence between the genetic and the geological fossil records. Pettigrew, J. Binocular visual processing in the owl's telencephalon. Proc R Soc. Effect of monocular deprivation on binocular neurones in the owl's visual Wulst.
Plotnick, R. Information landscapes and sensory ecology of the Cambrian radiation. Paleobiology 36, — Polenova, O. Olfactory and nonolfactory projections in the river lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis telencephalon. Prechtl, J. Sensory processing in the pallium of a Mormyrid fish. Price, D. Neurons involved in the exteroceptive function of pain. Pain , — Price, J. Definition of the orbital cortex in relation to specific connections with limbic and visceral structures, and other cortical regions.
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Consciousness: The Science of Subjectivity. Hove: Psychology Press. Rhinn, M. Zebrafish gbx 1 refines the midbrain-hindbrain boundary border and mediates the Wnt8 posteriorization signal. Neural Dev.
The Lord’s Voice in Davidia today
Ribary, U. Dynamics of thalamo-cortical network oscillations and human perception. Robertson, B. Afferents of the lamprey optic tectum with special reference to the GABA input: combined tracing and immuohistochemical study. Houteff encountered opposition to his interpretation from the established Seventh-day Adventist Church; and, eventually, Houteff and a large number of his Bible class were disfellowshiped.
Houteff persisted, moving his class of more than fifty students to a large house across the street from the church, where he continued to study and teach. Houteff attempted to interest the Adventist California Conference in his Biblical findings, which he believed were really a continuation of the Three Angels Message of Revelation In , Houteff completed his doctrinal studies and submitted them in the form of a book entitled The Shepherd's Rod.
It is the intention of this book to reveal the truth of the , mentioned in Revelation 7 but the chief object of this publication is to bring about a reformation among God's people. The truth herein contained is divided into seven sections, giving proof from seven different angles, to prevent any doubt or confusion. This subject is made clear by the use of the Bible and the writings given by the Spirit of Prophecy.
The truth revealed here is of great importance to the church just now because of the foretold danger which God's people are soon to meet. It calls for decided action on the part of the believers to separate themselves from all worldlings and worldliness; to anchor themselves on the Solid Rock by obedience to all the truth known to this denomination, if we must escape the great ruin. Victor Houteff held similar views to Ellen White's in not directly calling himself a prophet, preferring to call his work a call for reformation.
Jones and E. He was a believer in the doctrine of Justification by Faith. However, he did not deny at any time that he was used by God to bring the "very last message" to the SDA Church  He believed that his message was that prophesied in Micah and Micah A small, quiet man, he felt it his duty, as a believer in "present truth" and a Bible Christian to reach out to his Church, thinking that his doctrine would lead to conservative reforms in the denomination.
His book, published on December 4, , caused a great stir in the Seventh-day Adventist Church, evidenced by the fact that four years later, Houteff was given a hearing by twelve of the Adventist Church's leaders. We, as members of the Tabernacle Church of S. Houteff concerning the teachings of The Shepherd's Rod, respectfully request that you appoint a committee of ten or twelve "brethren of experience" to meet with Brother Houteff while he places before them the evidence for his belief in the fundamentals of his message.
After each study the committee selected may retire for counsel, and may then submit its evidence for mistakes in Brother Houteff's teaching, such evidence to be drawn from the Bible and the Spirit of Prophecy only. If after the first study mistakes may be substantiated from authority mentioned above, further studies are not to be given. The same conditions are to prevail after each succeeding study.
In case the committee find error in the teaching of The Shepherd's Rod, and are able to refute same by the teachings of the Bible and the Spirit of Prophecy Brother Houteff agrees to renounce the advocacy of The Shepherd's Rod, and to make public renunciation of same. Brother Houteff also agrees to discontinue the propagation of The Shepherd's Rod, so far as he can control same, in the Pacific Union Conference, during the time this investigation is being made. The conditions hereby entered into are in compliance with the instruction given in Testimonies, Vol.
In harmony with your written request of January 18 for a hearing before a body of leading brethren, the Union Conference Committee has set aside Monday, February 19, for this purpose. This is to notify you that the meeting will be held at 10 A. Their number included A. Daniells , former General Conference President, who served as committee chair, and noted Adventist scholars, F. Gilbert and H. Richards - founder of the Voice of Prophecy , a popular Adventist radio show. To Houteff's adherents, the Adventist theologians appeared somewhat disdainful of the self-taught Bulgarian.
Richards Jr. Bingham, Houteff's secretary and friend, who was present at the session, Richards behaved churlishly towards Houteff by propping his feet up on a windowsill and paying scant attention to Houteff's presentation, which he had at length prepared at the Committee's request. After the very first study, an adjournment was called by the Committee. Some believe that this adjournment and subsequent termination of the agreement for studies, was a direct violation of the agreement as per the "Agreement" as stated above.
In his rebuttal of the Committee's reply, Houteff complained that a number of his written statements had been taken out of context, or summarily dismissed without proper consideration. He further argued that in Graf's response nothing was mentioned about the interpreted main points of the very first study the Harvest as per the Agreement outline.
Nevertheless, the Committee's verdict was final. Later Houteff wrote a small booklet explaining his views on the meeting. Since the Church leadership had rejected his message, he took it to the people with great success. In , his evangelistic endeavors began to bear fruit. Several thousand Adventists accepted Houteff's doctrine of the Shepherd's Rod. His Message began to have a considerable impact on the Adventist Church, which, at that time, counted less than , members worldwide.
In , Houteff formed the Universal Publishing Association.